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土库曼斯坦总统希望扑灭“地狱之门”大火-双语


Turkmenistan’s Leader Wants ‘Gates of Hell’ Fire Put Out

土库曼斯坦总统希望扑灭“地狱之门”大火。让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


The president of Turkmenistan is calling for an end to one of the country's most notable sights:


土库曼斯坦总统要求扑灭该国最著名的景点之一,


the burning crater widely known as the "Gates of Hell."


号称“地狱之门”的巨大火坑。


The desert crater is found about 260 kilometers north of the capital, Ashgabat.


这个沙漠巨坑是在土库曼斯坦首都阿什哈巴德北部约260公里处发现的。


It sits near the village of Darvaza and its official name is Darvaza gas crater.


它坐落在达尔瓦扎村附近,学名是达尔瓦扎天然气坑。


The fire has burned in the Central Asian nation since the early 1970s.


自20世纪70年代初以来,这里就一直在燃烧。


It is a popular place to visit for the small number of travelers who come to Turkmenistan.


对于来土库曼斯坦旅游的少数游客来说,这是一个很受欢迎的景点。


The country is difficult to enter and highly controlled.


但入境该国非常困难,而且要受到严密监视。


The Turkmen news site Turkmenportal said that a 1971 search for gas caused the ground to collapse, which formed the crater.


土库曼新闻网站Turkmenportal称,这个巨坑是1971年勘探天然气时地面坍塌形成的。


At the time, Turkmenistan was under control of the former Soviet Union.


当时,土库曼斯坦处于前苏联的控制之下。


The crater is about 60 meters across and 20 meters deep.


巨坑宽约60米,深约20米。


Earth scientists set a fire to prevent the spread of gas.


科学家将其点燃是为了防止天然气扩散。


They expected the gas to burn off in a few weeks.


他们本以为天然气会在几周内烧完。


But the fire is still burning 50 years later.


但50年过去了,这场大火仍在燃烧。


In 2019, state television showed President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov speeding around it in an off-road vehicle.


2019年,土库曼斯坦国家电视台播放了总统库尔班古力•别尔德穆哈梅多夫驾驶越野车在巨坑周围查看的画面。


But earlier this month, the state newspaper Neitralny Turkemistan reported that


但本月初,官媒Neitralny Turkemistan报道称,


Berdymukhammedov has ordered his government to look for ways to put out the fire.


别尔德穆哈梅多夫已下达命令寻找扑灭大火的方法。


It is causing ecological damage and affecting the health of people living in the area.


因为它对生态造成了破坏,并影响着当地人的健康。


Turkmenistan has the world's fifth-largest natural gas reserves.


土库曼斯坦拥有世界第五大天然气储量。


But life for most of the country's 6 million people remains difficult.


但该国600万人口中大多数人的生活仍然艰难。


Berdymukhammedov has ruled his country by demanding obedience.


别尔德穆哈梅多夫统治手段强硬。


He has isolated Turkmenistan during an economic crisis that has made many of its citizens poor, and shortages of simple goods and food are common.


在一次经济危机期间,他下令闭关锁国,许多公民经济拮据,常见的商品和食品出现短缺。


A 2021 Bloomberg report said that Turkmenistan's state-controlled energy industry is one of the world's worst creators of the greenhouse gas methane.


彭博社2021年的一份报告称,土库曼斯坦的国有能源行业是世界上最糟糕的温室气体甲烷制造者之一。


Methane is 80 times more powerful than carbon dioxide as a planet-warming greenhouse gas.


作为全球变暖的祸首之一,甲烷的威力是二氧化碳的80倍。


This means that controlling leaks in gas production is important in fighting climate change.


这意味着在应对气候变化方面,控制天然气生产过程中的泄漏非常重要。


In 2021, the International Energy Agency estimated Turkmenistan's total methane creation was behind only Russia, the United States, Iran and Iraq.


2021年,国际能源署估计,土库曼斯坦的甲烷总排放量仅次于俄罗斯、美国、伊朗和伊拉克。


These countries are all major oil and gas producers.


这些国家都是主要的石油和天然气生产国。


However, Turkmenistan had the second-highest methane creation intensity in the world.


然而,土库曼斯坦的甲烷产生强度位居世界第二。


This number means how much methane is leaked into the environment in relation to natural gas that is produced.


这个数字意味着,与生产的天然气相比,有多少甲烷泄漏到环境中。


Turkmenistan's leak rate was more than five times larger than the world's top natural gas producer, the United States.


土库曼斯坦的泄漏率是世界上最大的天然气生产国美国的五倍多。


I'm Gregory Stachel.


我是格雷戈里•斯塔切尔。


来源:iyuba

 

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