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Pretend和Imitation的用法-双语


Pretend and Imitation


Pretend和Imitation的用法。让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


Hello!


大家好!


This week on Ask a Teacher, we answer a question from Shinji in Japan.


本周的《名师答疑》,我们回答来自日本信治的一个问题。


I am unsure about how to use "imitate" and "pretend."


我不知道如何使用“imitate”(模仿)和“pretend”(假装、装扮)这两个词。


For example, I see such sentences as, "Does your child like pretend play?" referring to acting like a superhero, for instance.


例如,我看到这样的句子:“Does your child like pretend play?”这指的是扮演超级英雄。


But is it wrong to say, "Does your child like imitation play?"


但是这么说“Does your child like imitation play?”是错了吗?


Shinji, Japan.


信治,日本。


Dear Shinji,


亲爱的信治,


We have all watched children as they use their imagination during play.


我们都看过孩子们在游戏中发挥他们的想象力。


For example, a child may pick up a stick and use it as a sword, pretending to be a hero.


例如,一个孩子可能会拿起一根棍子,把它当作一把剑,假装成英雄。


The simple answer to your question is no, it is not wrong to use "imitation" as an adjective with the noun "play."


简单地说, 你提出的问题答案是否定的。把“imitation”用作形容词和名词“play”连用是没有错的。


But there is a difference in meaning.


但是意思是不同的。


Let us look at the two words.


让我们看看这两个单词。


When someone pretends, they are acting as if something were true.


当有人假装时,他们的行为就好像某事是真的一样。


An example is the child who takes an empty shoe box and puts a doll into it.


比如,一个孩子拿了一个空的鞋盒,然后把一个洋娃娃放进去。


The child is pretending as they push it around the floor, saying,


当推着它在地板上走来走去时,孩子假装说,


This is her car.


这是她的车。


When children imitate, they are acting as if they were another person, such as an adult in their life.


当孩子们模仿的时候,他们的行为就好像他们是另一个人,比如他们生活中的成年人。


The child who holds a doll and sings a gentle song to it is imitating a loving parent.


孩子抱着洋娃娃,对着它轻声歌唱,就是在模仿一位慈爱的父母。


The child puts the doll down and covers it, saying,


孩子放下娃娃,给它盖上东西,说:


My baby is going to sleep now.


我的孩子现在要睡觉了。


Please be quiet.


请保持安静。


The child is both imitating a parent and pretending that the doll is a living thing.


这个孩子既在模仿父母,又在假装娃娃是个生命体。


Do you have a child who plays in this way?


你的孩子有这样的表现吗?


You may be interested to know that experts say it is very important for children to learn by imitating what they see around them and pretending with toys and other objects.


专家们表示,通过模仿他们周围看到的东西、假装玩玩具和其他物品来学习,对孩子们来说是非常重要的。我想你可能会对此感兴趣的。


Both help them use their imagination.


两者都能帮助他们发挥想象力。


Another word for this kind of play is "make-believe."


这种游戏的另一个词是“make-believe”(虚构)。


One way to help a child develop their imagination is to provide dress-up clothes and toys that look like tools and household objects.


帮助孩子发展想象力的一种方法是提供打扮得像工具和家用物品的衣服和玩具。


Experts also suggest it is good to play along with whatever story the child imagines


专家们还建议,参与孩子想象的任何故事,


and talk about what is happening to help develop their language skills.


谈论正在发生的事情,这都有助于发展他们的语言技能。


Shinji, I hope you have fun taking part in pretend play with the children in your life.


信治,希望你在生活中和孩子们一起玩得开心。


You can even see adults playing at being someone else or being in another time at historical fairs and museums.


你甚至可以在历史展销会和博物馆里看到成年人在扮演别人或是其他时代的人。


What question do you have about American English?


你对美式英语有什么问题吗?


Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com


发送电子邮件给我们:learningenglish@voanews.com


And that's Ask a Teacher.


以上就是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容!


I'm Jill Robbins.


吉尔•罗宾斯为您播报。


来源:iyuba

 

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