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Will和Would区别-双语


The Difference between Will and Would

Will和Would区别。让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


Jahanzib Khan writes:


贾汉兹•汗写道,


What is the difference between will and would?


Will和would的区别是什么?


How and when should we use these?


我们应该如何以及何时使用?


Dear Jahanzib,


亲爱的贾汉兹,


Thank you for your question.


谢谢你的问题。


It centers on modal auxiliaries – words that come before, and change the meaning of, the main verb in English sentences.


它主要还是情态助动词,即出现在英语句子中主动词之前并改变其意义的词。


When you study will and would, be sure that you have a strong understanding of the main verb.


当你学习will和would时,确保你对主动词有很好的理解。


Grammar books often call will the base or present form and would the past form.


语法书经常把will称为现在时,而把would称为过去时。 


However, modals do not always connect to exact ideas about present and past time.


然而,情态动词并不总是与确切的关于现在和过去的想法联系在一起。 


Consider these two examples.


看看这两个例子。


The main verb is go.


主动词是go。 


I will go to the store tomorrow.


我明天要去商店。 


I would go to the store, but my car isn't working!


我想去商店,但是我的车坏了! 


The first statement suggests a future action, while the second statement suggests a wish about a present situation.


第一个陈述暗示了未来的行动,而第二个陈述暗示了对当前情况的希冀。 


For now, let us leave aside these issues and explore a few clear ways English speakers use will and would.


现在,让我们先把这些问题放在一边,探索一些以英语为母语的人使用will和would的明确方式。


Will can mark future time, as in the example you heard earlier:


Will可以标记未来的时间,就像你刚才听到的那个例子: 


I will go to the store tomorrow.


我明天要去商店。 


But it also has other uses, as in:


但它还有其他用途,如:


The reason my friend has done so well in business is that he will not invest in risky companies.


我朋友在生意上做得这么好的原因是他不会投资有风险的公司。 


That statement suggests a general policy or rule that has been in place for a long time.


这一声明暗示了一项已经存在很长时间的一般政策或规则。 


Will can also be used for commands, as in:


Will也可以用于命令,如: 


You will finish your homework!


你要完成你的作业!


Would often suggests a wish or desire about a present situation.


通常表示对当前情况的愿望或期待。 


For example:


例如:


I wish it would stop snowing.


我希望它能停止下雪。


Would can also be used for polite requests, as in:


Would也可用于礼貌的请求,如:


What would you like to eat? Or:


你想吃什么? 或者:


Excuse me, would you be able to tell me where the train station is?


打扰一下,你能告诉我火车站在哪儿吗? 


Think of will and would as family members, perhaps sisters.


把will和would想象成家庭成员,或者姐妹。 


Will, the strong, firm sister, is often used for commands or actions.


Will是坚强且坚定的姐妹,经常用于命令或行动。 


Would, the quieter, softer one, is used more for expressing dreams, wishes, possibilities and polite requests.


Would是比较安静、柔和的妹妹,更多地用于表达梦想、愿望、可能性和礼貌的要求。 


This comparison is not perfect.


这种比较并不完美。


But, it does provide a general idea about the difference between will and would.


但是,它确实提供了一个关于will和would区别的大致概念。 


When you read news stories or listen to English speakers, pay careful attention to how they use will and would.


当你读新闻故事或听英语人士说话时,仔细注意他们是如何使用will和would的。 


With time, you will develop a stronger understanding of these difficult words.


随着时间的推移,你会对这些难单词有更强的理解。 


And that would make us all cheer!


那会让我们都欢呼起来! 


If you have a question for our staff of teachers, send it by email to learningenglish@voanews.com.


如果您有问题要请教我们的老师,请发送电子邮件到learningenglish@voanews.com。 


And that's Ask a Teacher!


以上就是本期的《名师答疑》! 


I'm John Russell.


约翰•拉塞尔为您播报。 


来源:iyuba

 

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