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City、District、County和Town之间的区别-双语


City, District, County, Town: What Are the Differences? 

City、District、County和Town之间的区别。让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


Aygun writes,


艾根写道,


Can you explain the words 'province, city, district, county and town?


你能解释一下‘province、city、district、county和town‘’吗?


What are the differences?


这几个词有什么区别呢?


Dear Aygun,


亲爱的艾根,


Your question centers on how a country divides itself into different levels of governance.


你的问题是一个国家如何划分不同的行政区域。


The difference is much like the layers of an onion – underneath a large layer there are smaller layers beneath.


这种区别就像洋葱的分层——大层之下还有很多小层。


There are differences between how these levels of governance look between countries,


国家之间的政府管理划分是不同的,


so let's only explore the United States.


所以我们只探讨一下美国的情况。


In the United States, we use the term "state" instead of the term "province."


在美国,我们用“州”而不是“省”。


A state is a part of a country that can make its own laws about some things.


州是国家的一部分,可以制定自己的法律。


But it is still controlled by the federal government.


但它仍然由联邦政府控制。


The United States has 50 states - Texas, New York, California, and so on.


美国有50个州——得克萨斯州、纽约州、加利福尼亚州等等。


Each of these states generally has many cities, districts, counties, and towns.


每个州通常都有许多市、区、县和镇。


A city is a place where people live that is larger than a town.


市是人们居住的地方,比一个镇还要大。


Famous cities in the U.S. include New York City, Dallas, Los Angeles, Chicago.


美国著名的城市包括纽约市、达拉斯市、洛杉矶市、芝加哥市。


Let's talk through an example.


让我们通过一个例子来讨论。


Colorado is a state.


科罗拉多是个州。


Cities in Colorado include Denver, with an estimated population around 730,000,


科罗拉多州的城市包括丹佛,大约73万人,


and Colorado Springs, with about 480,000 people.


和科罗拉多斯普林斯,大约有48万人。


Towns in Colorado include Silverton, with an estimated population of 600, and Nucla, with around 700.


科罗拉多州有西弗顿镇和纽克拉镇,人口分别为600人和700人。


A county is an area of a state that is larger than a city and has its own government to deal with local issues.


县是州的一个区域,比一个城市大,有自己的政府来处理地方问题。 


For example, El Paso County, in Colorado, has the city of Colorado Springs as well as other communities inside of it.


例如,在科罗拉多州的埃尔帕索县,有科罗拉多斯普林斯市(该县首府)以及其他社区。 


A district is an area of a country, city, or town that a government establishes for official business.


区是国家、城市或城镇的一个区域,政府为进行公务而设立。 


In the U.S., there are school districts, voting districts, and so on.


在美国,有学区,选区,等等。


Colorado's 5th Congressional District, for example, is a voting district that includes Colorado Springs and other communities.


例如,科罗拉多州的第五国会选区是一个投票选区,包括科罗拉多斯普林斯和其他社区。


It might help to think about different levels of governance in your country.


这可能对你了解国家的不同治理方式有所帮助。


Then you can compare your country to the United States.


然后你可以把你的国家和美国做比较。


Maps can help, as well as the news!


地图和新闻都会有所帮助!


If you have a question for our staff of teachers, send it by email to learningenglish@voanews.com.


如果你有问题要请教我们的老师,请发送电子邮件到learningenglish@voanews.com。


And that's Ask a Teacher!


以上就是本期的《名师答疑》!


I'm John Russell.


约翰•拉塞尔为您播报。


来源:iyuba

 

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